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Pro bikes, March 10, 2009

David Kemp's Team Fly V Australia p/b Successful Living Parlee TT

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Photo ©: James Huang

Handbuilt aero goodness

By James Huang in Sacramento, California

Few small builders are in as elite company as Parlee Cycles, whose name is virtually synonymous with some of the finest - and most highly sought - carbon fiber frames available thanks to their uncanny blend of performance and ride quality. Even more rare are those riders fortunate enough to ride one for free such as David Kemp of Team Fly V Australia p/b Successful Living, a late addition to this year's Tour of California roster. Team members actually receive not just one but three Parlee frames to use for the season: two Z4 road models for training and racing plus Parlee's latest creation, the TT.

We first saw the TT back at the 2007 Sea Otter Classic where it was still a development prototype but it is now ready for market and employs some proven aero bike technology: the head tube, down tube, seat tube, seat stays and seatpost all employ modified NACA airfoil cross sections; the seat tube sports a deep cutout to shield the rear wheel; the rear brake caliper is mounted down below the bottom bracket where the air is already 'dirty'; and the internally routed cables enter the frame at the top tube just behind the stem. All of the frame's trailing edges are also admirably sharp for a carbon frame.

"All the sections that are 'in the wind' are modified, low-speed NACA profiles specifically designed by Bob [Parlee] to be versatile at a wide range of yaw angles," said Tom Rodi of Parlee. "With carbon it is easy to heavily style a frame design with all kinds of swoops and jogs and bumps that may look aero or stiff, etc. but in reality a lot of these elements do nothing for efficiency, comfort or aerodynamics, so we have taken the opposite tact, which is clean, simple, elegant design which allows us to hit the comfort, performance and weight targets we like."

Though the TT has obviously been designed for minimized drag, Rodi also says much care has still been taken to ensure it still rides and handles as well as other bikes in the lineup. Claimed weight is 1150-1250g, depending on size.

"What we tried to do was create a great riding bike that happens to have low-drag sections," continued Rodi. "We felt that the ride quality, specifically in regards to comfort was the most critical, and often over-looked, element so we tried to make the design more like our road bikes in terms of
lay-up and general structure, and therefore ride character."

Proper fit was also a key design goal for Parlee, especially given the facts that roughly 90 percent of total drag on a bike still comes from the rider and you still move slowly - no matter how aero - if you can't effectively put the power down.

Parlee offers the TT in an impressive five-deep size range - with top tube lengths running from 495mm all to way to 575mm - but goes even further by offering two head tube lengths for each in order to best accommodate a rider's particular position. According to Rodi, "What we found looking at all the custom bikes we have built as well as talking to athletes, fitters and coaches who have spent a lot of time in a tunnel is that finding the optimum position on the machine that balances power output and aerodynamics is key and in a lot of cases that means a little bit higher bar position than what ProTour riders use."

Naturally, Parlee has also fitted the TT with an aero carbon seatpost with lots of fore-aft adjustment but even there it has forged its own path. Instead of a sliding rail or basic two-cradle arrangement, Parlee has borrowed a concept from an unusual source. The Weaver-style mount - usually found on firearms for mounting sights and other accessories - offers three additional positions relative to the two-cradle approach and is less likely to slip than rail systems.

Kemp's frame is suitably fitted with a variety of high-end gear. Parlee tubing supplier Edge Composites also supplies the 2.0 Aero carbon fork and 68mm-deep 1.0 carbon tubular front wheel, aero guru HED provides its Black Dog integrated aero bar and Jet disc, and both wheels are wrapped in Panaracer's Extreme Jet tubulars.

Fitted to the ends of the aero bars are TRP RL970 carbon aero brake levers controlling T925 brake calipers and SRAM TT Shifter 900 bar-cons wired to Red derailleurs. Rounding out the build is a SRAM Force crankset and OG-1070 cassette, fi'zi:k's new Antares saddle and Speedplay Zero chromoly pedals. Total weight is a reasonable 7.93kg (17.48lb).

Regardless, the question remains as to why a company with such a loyal following as Parlee would even bother with a project as ambitious - and expensive - as sponsoring a complete pro team but Rodi suggests the research and development value more than offsets the cost.

"Our fundamental motivation for working with the team is simply that we love the sport of bike racing and we love to build race bikes," he said. "As competitive as the athletes riding the bikes are, we are the same way about building the best race bikes in the world, so naturally we want them to be used at the highest levels of competition. The R&D we get from the athletes, mechanics and staff is really valuable, well worth the investment. A team of 14 pros is going to beat the snot out of the bikes and expose things that might take years to find otherwise.

"We have always looked to build not only the best riding, but also the most durable race bikes out there and pushing the bikes hard not only in testing, then riding and racing but also in travel and transit exposes areas to do better," he continued. "We are all for that. Getting our name in front of tons of fans around the world doesn't hurt, either."


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Images by James Huang/Cyclingnews.com

Full specification

Frame: Parlee TT, size ML
Fork: Edge Composites Aero 2.0

Critical measurements
Rider's height: 1.82m (6' 0") ; Weight: 72kg (159lb)
Seat tube length, c-c: 495mm
Seat tube length, c-t: 558mm
Saddle height, from BB (c-t): 752mm
Tip of saddle nose to C of bars (next to stem): 527mm
C of front wheel to top of bars (next to stem): 555mm
Top tube length: 535mm

Front brake: TRP T925
Rear brake: TRP T925
Brake levers: TRP RL970
Front derailleur: SRAM Red
Rear derailleur: SRAM Red
Shift levers: SRAM TT Shifter 900
Cassette: SRAM OG-1070, 11-23T
Chain: Shimano Dura-Ace CN-7801
Crankset: SRAM Force, 175mm, 53/39T
Bottom bracket: SRAM Red BlackBox

Front rim: Edge Composites Tubular 1.0 68mm
Front hub: DT Swiss 240s Radial
Spokes: Sapim CX-Ray
Rear wheel: HED Jet Disc Tubular
Front tyre: Panaracer Extreme Jet
Rear tyre: Panaracer Extreme Jet

Bars: HED Black Dog Flat
Stem: Vision Sizemore, 110 x -10°
Headset: Cane Creek IS-8
Tape/grip: TBD

Pedals: Speedplay Zero Chromoly
Seat post: Parlee carbon
Saddle: fi'zi:k Antares
Bottle cages:

Total bike weight: 7.93kg (17.48lb)