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Maintenance & repair

Wheel truing
Rear mech adjustment
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Front mech adjustment
Headset standards
Washing your bike
Headset replacement
Fixing creaks
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Wheels & Tyres
Fitting & removing cogs
Mounting tubular tires
Hub bearing adjustment
Freehub adjustment
Setting chain length
Fitting a chain
Splined-axle cranks
Torque primer
Frame alignment
MTB position
Road position
External bearing cranks
Shimano pedals
Spoke tension balance
Derailleur overhaul


Recording road bike position

This article will describe the use of the Road Positioning Chart for competitive road bicycles. A similar article for MTB bikes is at MTB Bike Positioning. The chart is intended primarily for the mechanic to quantify and record the various aspects of a cyclist positioning adjustments. It can also be useful for a cyclist to track and record changes to his/her position. For example, if saddle height is raised, the new height and date of change can be noted. This will allow the cyclist to track changes in performance. Additionally, if the bicycle is lost or somehow destroyed, this chart will help in quickly setting up the new bike to closely match the original positioning.

The Road Positioning Chart can be downloaded as an Adobe® PDF file. The Adobe® Reader program is required to view and print this file. See Adobe® if you do not have this program.


Useful tools for measuring rider position:

  • Positioning Chart, plus pen or pencil
  • Metric tape measure
  • Angle finder
  • Plumb bob
  • Straight edge
  • Measureing caliper

Begin with the bicycle on level ground. If possible mount bike on trainer and level bike by checking that both wheel axles are the same distance from the ground.

There is often more than one method for measuring a component or position. It is important that the user be consistent and that the method of measuring is noted. Record all units of measurement. For example, record "50cm" for fifty centimeters, and "50mm" for fifty millimeters. Complete the chart and makes notes with the assumption that someone else will need to set up a bike from only this chart.

Begin by recording customer/rider information, such as name, address, etc. Also record bike make, model, year of production, and serial number. Also record bike's color scheme and any unique or obvious physical characteristics that might distinguish this bike. Assume this will be used in a police report of a stolen bike. It is also recommended that the traveling rider carry a recent photo of the bicycle.

A: Saddle Height

Saddle heightRecord saddle height and note method of measurement. A simple method is to place a straight edge on top of the saddle and record height from the bottom bracket center to the lower edge of straight edge. Measure along the seat tube.

B: Saddle Height Over Bars

Bars over ground     Saddle over ground

Record handlebar-over-saddle height difference. A simple method is to measure perpendicularly from saddle to ground, and then bar to ground, and take the difference between these two measurements. Use a straight edge on top of the bars, and measure to lower edge of the straight edge.

Saddle height over handlebarsAnother option is to use a long straight edge and the level finder. Use level finder to hold straight edge horizontal from saddle. Measure from lower edge of straight edge to top of handlebars.

Hub to barsA related option is to measure from the front axle to the top of the bars. This is a useful measurement when tracking changes in position on the same bike. However, this number is also related to stem length, fork rake and wheel base, making it less useful when setting up a duplicate position on a different frame.

C: Saddle to Handlebar Reach

Saddle to bar distanceMeasure from saddle tip to the center of the bars at the stem. This gives a reference for bar reach.

D: Saddle Angle or Tilt

Saddle tiltUsing a straight edge on top of saddle, measure saddle angle from horizontal. If the front end of the saddle is raised, record this upward sloping saddles as a positive number (+). Record downward sloping saddles with a negative number (-).

E: Saddle fore-aft

Saddle fore-aft to bottom bracketDrop a plum bob line from the saddle tip and measure distance from line to center of bottom bracket. It is easiest to tape line to saddle so it hangs from saddle end and extends freely toward the ground.

F: Saddle Brand and model

Record saddle brand and model.

G: Stem Length

Stem lengthMeasure center of the stem binder bolt to the center of the bars.

H: Stem Angle

Stem angle from horizontalRecord the stem angle from horizontal. Especially on shorter stems, hold angle finder so it is parallel to stem angle. In the stem is downward sloping, record as a negative number ( - ). It stem is upward sloping, record as a positive number ( + ).

NOTE: Some stem manufacturers specify stem angle using the steering column as a reference. If this angle is known, record this as well. It is possible to measure the manufacturers angle by taking the stem angle and the quill (steering column) angle. Stem angles sloping upward are recorded as positive numbers, while stem angles sloping downward should be recorded as negative numbers. For example, a bike is measured and the angle from vertical is 18-degrees. (This means the headtube angle as the bike sits is 72-degrees.) The angle from horizontal is 25-degrees. The manufacturer's angle is then 90 - 18 + 25 = 97 degrees. In the right image below, assume the stem sloped downward 6 degrees instead. The manufacturer's angle is then 90 - 18 + (-6), or 66 degrees.

Manufacturer's angle = 90 - Angle from Vertical + Angle from Horizontal

I: Handlebar brand and model

Handlebars vary in shape and design. Record the brand and model.

J: Handlebar Width

Bar widthMeasure width from center to center at the lower section of the drops. Some manufacturers specify width as an outside to outside dimension. However, when a bar is wrapped with thick tape, this makes an accurate measurement more difficult. Record method of measurement. For example, "46cm center-to-center". It is use to know bar width when bike is crashed. The width after the crash can be compared to the width before the crash. Replace bar if this measurement is different.

K: Handlebar Tilt or angle

Handlebar angleMeasure drop type bar angle off of lower section of drops using level angle finder. Record any positive or negative angles to be consistent with the system use on the stem. In other words, if the lower section is pointing downward, or more toward the rear axle, record this as a positive number. If the lower section is sloping upward, toward the rider, record this as a negative number.

L: Handlebar Clip-on Bars or Aero Bars

Bar extension angleMeasure angle of aero-type extensions from horizontal. If the bar extension is adjustable in reach, also record reach from bar center to end of extension.

M: Brake Level Position

Lever position to dropRecord position of brake levers on handlebars. Place straight edge on lower drops and measure tip of lever as above (+) or below (-) this line.

N: Crank Length
Record crank length. Cranks are measured from the center of the pedal mount to the center of the spindle square. Arm length in millimeters is typically labeled on the back of the crank.

O: Chainring Sizes
Record the preferred large and small chainring sizes.

P: Pedals
Record the pedal make and model. Changing pedal types may affect the saddle height.

Q: Shoes
Record shoe size, make, and model. It is also useful to record user preference of either a fixed or floating type of cleat. The cleat position on the sole may also be recorded.

Cleat rotationRotation:
Engage shoes on pedals, without rider. Hold shoe parallel to crank. Measure distance from crank bolt to center of shoe sole. If the pedal has adjustable float, hold sole in middle of float range. If cleat has float, hold sole toward crank.

Cleat fore-aftFore-Aft:
Record cleat fore-aft position on sole by measuring from tip of sole to cleat.