Last year's winner, road racer-turned mountain-biker Andres Brenes (Ritchey), did not start this year's race. Veteran professional Jeff Pierce started the race, but I am unaware of how he finished.
The sprinter's jersey was won by Gianmatteo Fagnini of Italy, followed by Miguel Badilla and Skip Spegenburg (Pizza Hut).
Gomez becomes the 13th "beetle" (nickname for Colombian riders) to win the Vuelta. Costa Rican riders only managed to win two of the fourteen stages. Cuba, as usual, had strong sprinters and specialists for the flat and hot stages on the coast.
Overall Raul Gomez Pizza Hut 45:02:06 Federico Ramirez Pizza Hut @3:34 Santiago Amador Credomatic @4:18 Gustavo Wilchez Musmanni @6:38 Alex Barboza Colombia @10:07 Luis Morera Pizza Hut @11:55 Mario Fallas Musmanni @16:21 Jesus Nunez Cuba @25:02 Jose Robles Pizza Hut @26:32 Miguel Badilla Camarasa @28:16 Sprints Gianmatteo Fagnini Italia 65 Miguel Badilla Camarasa 51 Skip Spegenburg Pizza Hut 40 Moreno Luissigni Italia 30 Rigoberto Ramirez Cuba 24 Premio de Montana Raul Gomez Pizza Hut Alex Barboza Colombia Mario Fallas Musmanni Federico Ramirez Pizza Hut Gustavo Wilchez Musmanni
Indurain will not compete in the Giro because of a cut in the number of Banesto riders. Miguel Induran, five time winner of the Tour, in a meeting of the Banesto Team in a hotel near Pamplona (Spain), has admitted that one of the causes of the almost certain decision to not attend the Giro this coming season "It is the reduction of the team to 17 riders". The Navaro cyclist has confirmed that there is little chance that he will compete in the Giro, and that the entire season will be geared towards the objective of winning his sixth Tour. Indurain arrived yesterday at the team meeting which began the day before, and which ends tomorrow, during which time various organizational work will be done, as well as physical checkups by three Italian doctors. The five time champion of the Tour said that he will follow a training schedule similar to that of last season, with a similar calendar of competitions. With regards to his possible retirement at the end of this coming season, he said that it will depend on his level of competition and motivation. With respect to the Giro de Italia, he stated that "It's practically already eliminated, given that the season is very long, that we are a team of 17 riders, and there are many races that we will have to skip. It will either be the Giro or Paris-Nice". Banesto has reduces its team for the coming season from 24 to 17 riders, which will clearly influence its participation in the various races. "We could split the team in some occasions, but not in many, and the Giro is a problem, because if you do the three big tours, this is cutting things a bit fine." ["... porque si haces las tres grandes, luego es un poco justo."] The team directors Jose Miguel Echavarri and Esebio Unzue, which this year will be supported by the technical director Jose Luis Jaimerena, agreed upon the ten members dropped from the team, at the same time deciding to add the Portuguese Orlando Rodrgues, the Englishman Jerimiah Hunt and the Frenchman Damien Nazon. In spite of the restructuring, Indurain said that "the team is in good shape. The same base that we've had these past years is still there, those racers that have always been in the Tour, as well as the young riders that will be coming along strong". Indurain said with respect to his possible retirement that it all depends on how this coming season ends. "I have signed up for another year with Banesto. Last year went well, and what I like is to be in the shape I should be in, but there's a whole year in front of us." The cyclist affirmed that he would like to participate in Atlanta 96, though it depends on his form after the Tour. Concerning the Vuelta a Espana, the cyclist said he will compete if he;s in good form and he's convinced he would play an important role. "But I am under no obligation to compete. The Tour is still the main objective of the season.", he added.
The Swiss cyclist Tomy Rominger will not participate in the next edition of the Giro de Italy in order to be able to better prepare for this coming Tour. This is according to the paper "Tribunal of Geneva". Rominger will try to win the French race, and will concentrate all of this efforts in this attempt, according to Giorgia Squienzo, owner of the Italian company Mapei, the racer's patron.
Echavarri has contacted (Vroom Vroom) Conconi to replace Padilla who took off suddenly to look after the footballers of l'Atletico Bilbao Pier Bergonzi reporting MILANO Miguel Indurain is half Italian already: his bike is a Pinarello, his gruppo is Campag, his shoes are Sidi, his jersey is by Nalini and his shades are Rudy-Project. Now the Navarese is looking for an Italian doctor... Wednesday, Jose Miguel Echavarri, Indurain's friend and Technical Director, met in Milan with medical and technical gurus from the team of celebrated Ferrari professor Francesco Conconi. "I am seeking collaboration with Casoni, Alfieri and Lodi - said Echavarri -. ] at least for a team get together which will be held in Palma di Maiorca in February. There will hopefully be some tests in Milan followed by a week at Pamplona. At the present time the Italians lead the world in sports medicine and training techniques." "A void has been left by Sabino Padilla, the medic who has left Banesto after so many years to take a position with the football club Atletico Bilbao. Sabino, who was Indurain's personal trainer, left without even mapping out the season", reported Echavarri. "So we have to find a new medic, either in Spain or in Italy, but probably from the University of Ferrara. As of now Casoni, Alfieri and Lodi are being considered as our consultants."
The Spanish Weekly, La Revista, a magazine published by the daily El Mundo, has named Indurain as "Spaniard of 1995" Second was Adolfo Suarez, president of the Spanish government. Miguel's other "first" was his modelling of the new Banesto jersey with the names printed on them.
Roslotto-ZG Mobili, by country Italia: Maurizio Fondriest (30 anni), Stefano Cattai (28), Andrea Chiurato (30), Andrea Ferrigato (26), Marco Fincato (25), Mario Manzoni (26), Paolo Savoldelli (22), Daniele Sgnaolin (25), Marco Zen (33); Francia: Pascal Lino (29); Russia: Piotr Ugrumov (34), Igor Bonciukov (22), Vassili Davidenko (25), Viatcheslav Djavanian (26), Alexandre Goncenkov (25), Dmitri Sedun (25), Alexei Sivakov (23) e Juri Surkov (25). Presidente: Schiavon Giovanni. Manager: Moreno Argentin. Direttori sportivi: Massimo Ghirotto, Dario Mariuzzo e Nikolai Gorelov. Medic: Giovanni Grazzi. Masseurs: Silvano Davo, Andrea Montecchi, Piero Cesari e Sante Visentin. Training Camp: 14 - 19 January at Capalbio. Official Presentazione: 24 January.
The promotion of the 1996 world track cycling championships (to be staged at the Manchester Velodrome from 28 August to 1 September 96) has been taken over by the British Cycling Federation after failing to secure an agreement with Alan Rushton's Sport For Television company, federation officials reported this past Sunday. Ashton's company previously backed out of promoting the 1995 British track championships and later cancelled its series of Superdrome track meetings. Rushton said it was not viable to stage the races at Manchester's indoor track because it only held 3,500 seats. Rushton's company organised the U.K. stages of the '94 TdF.
"Oh no!" It's the cry of aluminium builders everywhere saying: "Here's a dedicated steel builder who's going to lay a bum rap on aluminium." Not so! That's because most of what I know didn't come from traditional framebuilidng, so I have no cycle related material prejudices. But I have heard it said: "There are no bad materials, only bad applications..." Now that's true! ----------------------------------------------------------------- Aluminium is just another one of the three metal framebuilding materials (I'm counting MMCs with aluminium here) and, like all the others, it has its good points and its limitations. And to make a good bike out of aluminium, you must know them both well. Why choose aluminium? Why do people want aluminium bikes? By far aluminium's biggest selling point as a material is its density (weight). It comes out top of the table in this important property. 0.098 lb/in3 compared to 0.162 for 3/2 S titanium and 0.283 for steel. So, if aluminium is one third the weight of steel, why aren't the frames one third the weight of steel frames? It's a long story, but here goes... Part of the reason is modulus (stiffness, remember?) Aluminium is roughly less stiff than steel by the same amount as it is less heavy, aluminium 10 (106 psi) compared to steel 28.5 (106 psi). Another property that levels the playing field is strength. 6061 T6 aluminium (I'll get to the different aluminiums later) has an ultimate tensile strength of 45,000 psi, which, compared to an average CrMo steel strength of 160,000 psi, has a lower yield strength of 40,000 psi. Hey! These two are pretty close together. This brings us to fatigue strength, not a big advantage for aluminium. It has no fatigue limit, meaning that any and all stress put into the material will eat away at its life (remember that steel and titanium won't fatigue below their fatigue limit). Its failure mode is pretty drastic as well. Remember those yield and ultimate strengths that are so close together? Not much room between when it yields (deforms) and when it will break, so failures are more often breaks and thus a deal more dramatic than just bending... But aluminium's best attribute, density, comes to rescue it from its shortcomings of fatigue strength and low modulus. Its density allows us to apply more materials to the problem without a big weight penalty. By oversizing the tube diameter and/or directing its profiles to the problem areas, you'll overcome the material's low modulus and stiffen things up. By stiffening the structure to the point of no flex, you overcome the fatigue problems. This is why aluminium frames are generally the stiffest frames around, but also the reason why there are design limits. What kind of aluminium? There are three main classes or series of aluminium used in the construction of cycle frames: 7000, 6000 and 5000. These numbers are for identification only, and have nothing to do with 'rating'. They simply have different alloying elements and thus different characteristics. The major alloying elements for the various series mentioned are 5000: magnesium, 6000: magnesium and silicon and 7000: zinc. The most common 5000 series tubing is 5086. This is what Columbus Altec tubing is. The high magnesium gives it good corrosion resistance and it has good weldability. It can't be heat treated, and this is where a division of opinions arises. Proponents say this alloy is very tolerant to welding and has good post-weld strength without artificial ageing (this can't be done to it anyway). Opponents say the lack of post-weld heat treatment or thermal ageing means it doesn't regain enough strength. My experience is that with good design, 5086 can make a good frame. The most common 6000 series is 6061, usually with a T6 thermal treatment. This was THE aluminium tube, because it's the most used structural aluminium in the aerospace industry, so is available in a great many sizes and shapes. Tough, weldable and with a good strength (for aluminium), its major drawback for small builders is that it must have a complicated post-weld heat treatment. This is usually done outside the builder's facilities and can run into problems with alignment and control of the process. And get it wrong, and things could get scary out on the trail or on the road. This heat treatment process renders the frame virtually irreparable in the normal manner, welding, because the repair would wreck the heat treatment and the repair area cannot be heat treated alone again. The 7000 series is gaining in popularity, as it has all the usual benefits but requires ageing only after welding to bring its temper back. This can, in most cases, be achieved at ambient temperatures over days or weeks or be done artificially in an oven in a matter of hours. It can also be repaired. Excellent examples of the 7000 series are Pace and Easton frames. Aluminium's limitations So as one of the major framebuilding materials, why isn't aluminium used by custom builders more? Its limitations mean that any design must be worked out carefully. To get the most out of the materials, this leaves little room for changing things for the customer's desires or whims. Aluminium also needs processing and manipulation not found in traditional framebuilding. As a material, aluminium lends itself more to a limited production process. Aluminium delivers a certain type of ride that doesn't suit everyone. Some love it, some hate it... and that's what makes the world interesting. But with the growth in the use of suspension systems, you can probably expect to see more aluminium bikes. Its light weight and super rigidity is a good platform for full suspension to work from, and the double butting now coming into aluminium may help to overcome some of its problems. But as far as longterm strength goes, forget the labs. Let's see what happens when these things are in the hands of the hard riding consumer for a few years Coming up: Steel - Titanium - Exotica - TIG welding